Common types of verbal analogy questions asked in aptitude tests

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Verbal Analogy questions test the skill of determining the relationship between a pair of words and then recognizing a similar relationship between a different pair of words from the given answer choices. Questions on Verbal Analogy may appear from a wide range of topics.

 

Strategies and approaches to solving verbal analogy questions

The following list contains various strategies and approaches to solving Verbal Analogy questions.

  1. Before perusing the answer choices, try to state the relationship between the given pair of words in a simple sentence.
  2. If multiple answer choices adhere to the stated relationship, then alter the relationship making it more specific.
  3. In addition to the primary meanings of words, consider their secondary meanings too.
  4. If a particular word in the given pair of words can be expressed in different parts of speech, then in order to determine the part of speech intended in the question, scan through the answer options and determine their part of speech.

 

Types of Verbal analogy

The following list includes all the commonly known Verbal Analogy types frequently asked in aptitude tests.

Question-Type

Example

Synonym

ALLEVIATE : REDUCE

Antonym

BIASED : IMPARTIAL

Characteristic

LION : FEROCIOUS

Degree of Intensity

COOL : FREEZE

Part to Whole

KEYBOARD : COMPUTER

Manner

STUTTER : SPEAK

Worker-Product

ARTIST : SKETCH

Worker-Tool

DOCTOR : STETHOSCOPE

Tool-Action

FILE : SMOOTHENING

 

Verbal analogy example question

  1. WHISPER : SPEAK

(a) brush : touch

(b) skip : walk

(c) listen : hear

(d) request : ask

 

Solution: To 'whisper' means 'to speak softly in a low voice'. Similarly, to 'brush' means 'to touch slightly and briefly'. Since it follows the same relationship, choice (a) is the answer.


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