Exercise: Questions on Syllogism

This is the aptitude questions and answers section on 'Syllogism' with solutions and detailed explanation. In syllogism questions, the test-taker is expected to arrive at the proper conclusion based on the given premises.

Paragraph:

In each of the following questions, two statements are given and these statements are followed by a set of conclusions. Determine which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Questions on Syllogism : Question 1 :
Statements:
Some actors are singers.
All the singers are dancers.

Conclusions:
(i) Some actors are dancers.
(ii) No singer is an actor.
Only conclusion (i) follows
Only conclusion (ii) follows
Either (i) or (ii) follows
Neither (i) nor (ii) follows
Show Answer
Explanation:
[:FACEIMG:][:tmp_bd686fd640be98ef193aae0091fa301e613301124095.png:][:423:][:194:][:FACEIMG:]
 From the figure below, we conclude that only conclusion(i) follows.
Questions on Syllogism : Question 2 :
Statements:
All the harmoniums are instruments.
All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:
(i) All the flutes are instruments.
(ii) All the harmoniums are flutes.
Only conclusion (i) follows
Only conclusion (ii) follows
Either (i) or (ii) follows
Neither (i) nor (ii) follows
Show Answer
Explanation:
[:FACEIMG:][:tmp_bd686fd640be98ef193aae0091fa301e6131418098055.png:][:297:][:182:][:FACEIMG:]
 From the figure below, we conclude that only conclusion(ii) follows.
Questions on Syllogism : Question 3 :
Statements:
Some mangoes are yellow.
Some tixo are mangoes.

Conclusions:
(i) Some mangoes are green.
(ii) Tixo is a yellow.
Only conclusion (i) follows
Only conclusion (ii) follows
Either (i) or (ii) follows
Neither (i) nor (ii) follows
Show Answer
Explanation:
[:FACEIMG:][:tmp_bd686fd640be98ef193aae0091fa301e6131861331926.png:][:334:][:182:][:FACEIMG:]
 From the figure below, we conclude that neither(i) nor(ii) follows.
Questions on Syllogism : Question 4 :
Statements:
Some ants are parrots.
All the parrots are apples.

Conclusions:
(i) All the apples are parrots.
(ii) Some ants are apples.
Only conclusion (i) follows
Only conclusion (ii) follows
Either (i) or (ii) follows
Neither (i) nor (ii) follows
Show Answer
Explanation:
[:FACEIMG:][:tmp_bd686fd640be98ef193aae0091fa301e613234475410.png:][:370:][:150:][:FACEIMG:]
 From the figure below, we conclude that only conclusion(ii) follows.