Features of Python largely attribute to its wide popularity among students and software developers. These features are what defines the language and its flexibility to use. Knowing Python features will help you understand & interpret various functions of the language effectively.
1) Easy to Code & Understand
Python has simpler syntax when compared to C, C++, Java and other programming languages. This enables any newbie to quickly pick up the basics of Python. Also, despite being a high-level language, Python code looks very short much readable due to its English like commands. In short, it is a developer-friendly language.
A simple comparison:
2) Expressive Language
Python is very expressive when compared to other languages. By expressive, we mean, in Python a single line of code performs a lot more than what multiple lines can perform in other languages. In simple it means that fewer lines of code are required to write a program in Python.
3) Free and Open Source
Python is free and can be easily installed by anyone and on any system (Click here to check out Python installation process for Windows, MAC & OS). Also, Python is an open-source programming language. This means that Python’s source code can be freely modified and used by anyone.
4) Interpreted Language
Python is an interpreted language. An interpreter in general works very different from a compiler. An interpreter executes a code line by line and hence it gets easy for a programmer to debug errors. Also, if you have observed, even though your program has multiple errors, Python displays only one error at a time. Whereas a compiler compiles the entire code at once and displays a list of errors.
5) Object-Oriented Language
Like other general-purpose languages, python is also an object-oriented language. In Python, we can easily create and use classes and objects. Some of the other major principles of object-oriented programming languages are Object, Class, Method,
6) Cross-Platform Language
Say, for example, you have written a piece of code in a Python IDE on Windows. Now, you want to run this code on another system. Then, you need not make any changes to the code to execute it on other machines like MAC, OS, Linux etc. The code remains exactly the same and this makes it easy for programmers to switch across platforms and work comfortably using Python.
7) Extensible Language
In case you want to write a part of your Python code in C++ or Java etc, then you can do it. Since Python is an extensible language, it lets you do this with ease.
8) Large Standard Library
Python has a large standard library and this helps save the programmers time as you don’t have to write your own code for every single logic. There are libraries for expressions, unit-testing, web browsers, databases, CGI, image manipulation etc.
9) Dynamically Typed Programming Language
Python is a dynamically typed language. This means, whenever a variable is declared, the programmer need not mention its data type. Rather, the type of the variable is decided during run time.
All these features of Python are the reasons for its popularity, usage and growing demand in the IT industry.