Exercise: Questions on Templates


Questions on Templates : Question 1 :
Which of the following is true about templates.
1) Template is a feature of C++ that allows us to write one code for different data types.
2) We can write one function that can be used for all data types including user defined types. Like sort(), max(), min(), ..etc.
3) We can write one class or struct that can be used for all data types including user defined types. Like Linked List, Stack, Queue ..etc.
4) Template is an example of compile time polymorphism.

1 and 2
1, 2 and 3
1, 2 and 4
1, 2, 3 and 4
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Questions on Templates : Question 2 :
Predict the output?
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

template <typename T>
void fun(const T&x)
{
    static int count = 0;
    cout << "x = " << x << " count = " << count << endl;
    ++count;
    return;
}

int main()
{
    fun<int> (1); 
    cout << endl;
    fun<int>(1); 
    cout << endl;
    fun<double>(1.1);
    cout << endl;
    return 0;
}


x = 1 count = 0

x = 1 count = 1

x = 1.1 count = 0
x = 1 count = 0

x = 1 count = 0

x = 1.1 count = 0
x = 1 count = 0

x = 1 count = 1

x = 1.1 count = 2
Compiler Error
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Questions on Templates : Question 3 :
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

template <typename T>
T max(T x, T y)
{
    return (x > y)? x : y;
}
int main()
{
    cout << max(3, 7) << std::endl;
    cout << max(3.0, 7.0) << std::endl;
    cout << max(3, 7.0) << std::endl;
    return 0;
}

7
7.0
7.0
Compiler Error in all cout statements as data type is not specified.
Compiler Error in last cout statement as call to max is ambiguous.
None of the above
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Questions on Templates : Question 4 :
Output of following program?
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

template <class T>
class Test
{
private:
    T val;
public:
    static int count;
    Test()  {   count++;   }
};

template<class T>
int Test<T>::count = 0;

int main()
{
    Test<int> a;
    Test<int> b;
    Test<double> c;
    cout << Test<int>::count   << endl;
    cout << Test<double>::count << endl;
    return 0;
}

0
0
1
1
2
1
1
0
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Questions on Templates : Question 5 :
Output of following program? Assume that the size of char is 1 byte and size of int is 4 bytes, and there is no alignment done by the compiler.
#include<iostream>
#include<stdlib.h>
using namespace std;

template<class T, class U>
class A  {
    T x;
    U y;
    static int count;
};

int main()  {
   A<char, char> a;
   A<int, int> b;
   cout << sizeof(a) << endl;
   cout << sizeof(b) << endl;
   return 0;
}

6
12
2
8
Compiler Error: There can not be more than one template arguments.
8
8
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Questions on Templates : Question 6 :
Output of following program? Assume that the size of int is 4 bytes and size of double is 8 bytes, and there is no alignment done by the compiler.
#include<iostream>
#include<stdlib.h>
using namespace std;

template<class T, class U, class V=double>
class A  {
    T x;
    U y;
    V z;
    static int count;
};

int main()
{
   A<int, int> a;
   A<double, double> b;
   cout << sizeof(a) << endl;
   cout << sizeof(b) << endl;
   return 0;
}

16
24
8
16
20
28
Compiler Error: template parameters cannot have default values.
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Questions on Templates : Question 7 :
Output of following program.
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

template <class T, int max>
int arrMin(T arr[], int n)
{
   int m = max;
   for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
      if (arr[i] < m)
         m = arr[i];

   return m;
}

int main()
{
   int arr1[]  = {10, 20, 15, 12};
   int n1 = sizeof(arr1)/sizeof(arr1[0]);

   char arr2[] = {1, 2, 3};
   int n2 = sizeof(arr2)/sizeof(arr2[0]);

   cout << arrMin<int, 10000>(arr1, n1) << endl;
   cout << arrMin<char, 256>(arr2, n2);
   return 0;
}

Compiler error, template argument must be a data type.
10
1
10000
256
1
1
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Questions on Templates : Question 8 :
Output?
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

template <int i>
void fun()
{
   i = 20;
   cout << i;
}

int main()
{
   fun<10>();
   return 0;
}

10
20
Compiler Error
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Questions on Templates : Question 9 :
Output?
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

template <class T>
T max (T &a, T &b)
{
    return (a > b)? a : b;
}

template <>
int max <int> (int &a, int &b)
{
    cout << "Called ";
    return (a > b)? a : b;
}

int main ()
{
    int a = 10, b = 20;
    cout << max <int> (a, b);
}

20
Called 20
Compiler Error
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Questions on Templates : Question 10 :
Output?
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
template<int n> struct funStruct
{
    static const int val = 2*funStruct<n-1>::val;
};
 
template<> struct funStruct<0>
{
    static const int val = 1 ;
};
 
int main()
{
    cout << funStruct<10>::val << endl;
    return 0;
}

Compiler Error
1024
2
1
Show Answer